Ages and Stages


0-11 months

  • I move my head or body when I hear noises and see things or people.
  • I can hold my head up.
  • I can roll over from my back to my tummy and from my tummy onto my back.
  • I like to explore things by putting them in my mouth.

8-20 months

  • I can sit up on the floor.
  • When I am sitting, I can lean forward to pick up a small toy.
  • I can move around the floor by crawling, bottom shuffling or rolling over and over.
  • I can walk when a grown-up holds one or both of my hands.
  • I can pick up something small like a brick or a grape between my thumb and fingers.

16-26 months

  • I can walk upstairs when a grown-up holds my hands.
  • I come downstairs backwards on my knees holding on to the steps and come down one step at a time.
  • I know that when I move a chunky crayon or pen round, up and down and across, the marks I make on the paper look the same as the way I moved my hand.

22-36 months

  • I can run without bumping into things or tripping up.
  • I can kick a large ball.
  • I can turn pages in a book Sometimes I might turn over more than one page at a time.
  • I can hold a small jug and pour my own drink.
  • When I walk up and down stairs or steps I hold onto the hand rail and move one foot at a time on to the next step until both of my feet are on.

30-50 months

  • I like running, walking, jumping, hopping, skipping and moving around in lots of different ways.
  • I can go up and down stairs and steps like a grown-up using one foot per step.
  • I can run around, stopping, changing direction and slowing down so that I don’t bump into things.
  • I can hold my pencil near the top like a grown-up using my thumb and two fingers not my whole hand.
  • I can catch a large ball when you throw it to me.

40-60 months.

  • I like to move in different ways like running, skipping, hopping, jumping or rolling.
  • I can jump off a step and land on the floor on two feet.
  • I can push, pat, throw, catch or kick things like a large ball, a balloon or a piece of fabric.
  • I choose to use either my left hand or my right hand more to hold things like a pen, pencil, paintbrush or scissors.
  • When I am playing chase or racing games I can slow down or change the way I am going to stop myself from bumping into my friends or things.



The Early Years Foundation Stage Framework (EYFS) sets out the learning and development stages for children as they grow from birth to five years. Children learn through playing, exploring, being active and being asked questions to help their thinking.

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